Sun. Jul 14th, 2024

Paris, 9 July 2024

The European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA), the EU’s financial markets regulator and supervisor, has published the results of its fifth stress test exercise for Central Counterparties (CCPs). The results confirm the overall resilience of European Union (EU) CCPs, as well as third-country Tier 2 CCPs, to core credit and liquidity financial risks under the tested scenarios.

New in this year’s exercise is the exploratory analysis of climate risk. The exercise also included additional market stress scenarios, enhanced model risk assessments for concentration, and extended reverse stress tests for credit and liquidity.

Klaus Löber, Chair of the CCP Supervisory Committee, said:

“ESMA’s fifth stress test confirmed the overall resilience of the European clearing landscape to severe credit and liquidity stress scenarios. However, we still have identified areas in which certain CCPs may need to strengthen their risk management frameworks, or where further supervisory work should be prioritised, including on modelling of concentration. The stability of the EU financial system relies on resilient CCPs, and the ESMA stress test is a key supervisory tool to identify and mitigate potential risks to financial stability.”

ESMA finds:

  • CCPs have robust lines of defence to withstand significant market shocks in combination with the default of the two clearing member groups with the largest exposures;
  • CCPs are also resilient to substantial liquidity stress events, while CCPs’ clearing, and investment activities play a key role in the results;
  • Some gaps persist in the coverage of concentration risk across CCPs and across asset classes, notably for commodity derivative positions;
  • For climate risk, CCPs’ exposures depend on whether the markets they clear are directly exposed to transition risk, such as commodities and energy. The majority of sampled CCPs have started to integrate climate risk into their stress testing framework;
  • The ecosystem analysis provided insights into the CCPs’ and clearing members’ resources and showed that the total amount of required margin increased by 56% compared to the last exercise.
CCP stress test scenarios and outcomes 

A total of 16 CCPs were covered by the exercise, including two UK CCPs qualifying as Tier 2 CCPs and all authorised EU CCPs. It assessed credit and concentration risk, liquidity risk, and included a new climate risk component. The exercise was complemented by an enhanced clearing ecosystem analysis.

Next steps

In line with the EMIR mandate, where the assessments exposed shortcomings in the resilience of one or more CCPs, ESMA will issue the necessary recommendations.

Source: ESMA’s stress test of Central Counterparties finds clearing system resilient


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